- present participle of license
The verb license or grant license means to give permission. The noun licence (or license in American spelling) is the document demonstrating that permission. License may be granted by a party ("licensor") to another party ("licensee") as an element of an agreement between those parties. A shorthand definition of a license is "a promise (by the licensor) not to sue (the licensee)."
Intellectual propertyA licensor may grant license under "intellectual property" to do something (such as copy software or use a patented invention) without fear of a claim of intellectual property infringement brought by the licensor.
A license under intellectual property commonly has several component parts, including a term, territory, renewal, as well as other limitations deemed vital to the licensor.
Term: many licenses are valid for a particular length of time. This protects the licensor should the value of the license increase, or market conditions change.
Territory: a license may stipulate what territory the rights pertain to. For example, a license with a territory limited to "North America" (United States/Canada) would not permit a licensee any protection for actions in Japan.
Mass licensing of softwareMass distributed software is used by individuals on personal computers under license from the developer of that software. Such license is typically included in a more extensive end-user license agreement (EULA) entered into upon the installation of that software on a computer.
Under a typical end-user license agreement, the user may install the software on a limited number of computers.
The enforceability of end-user license agreements is sometimes questioned.
Trademark and brand licensing
A licensor may grant permission to a licensee to distribute products under a trademark. With such a license, the licensee may use the trademark without fear of a claim of trademark infringement by the licensor.
Artwork and character licensing
A licensor may grant a permission to a licensee to copy and distribute copyrighted works such as "art" (e.g., Thomas Kincaid's painting "Dawn in Los Gatos") and characters (e.g., Mickey Mouse). With such license, a licensee need not fear a claim of copyright infringement brought by the licensor.
- National examples of the License are listed at Licentiate
A licence is an academic degree. Originally, in order to teach at a university, one needed this degree which, according to its title, gave the bearer a license to teach. The name survived despite the fact that nowadays doctorate is typically needed in order to teach at a university. A person who holds a licence is called a licentiate.
In Sweden and some European universities it is approximately equivalent to an MPhil or MRes. In those countries, a licence is a middle-level degree between a master's degree and a doctorate, taken by doctoral canidates, and is a popular choice in those countries where a "true" Phd would take five or more years to achieve.
In other countries, i.e. Poland or France, a licence is achieved before the master's degree (it takes 3 years of studies to become licentiate and 2 additional years to become Master).In Switzerland, a licence is a 4-year degree then there is a DEA degree which is equivalent to the Master's degree. In Portugal, before the Bologna process, students would become licentiates after 5 years of studies (4 years in particular cases like Marketing, Management, etc; and 6 years for Medicine). However, since the adoption of the Bologna Process engineering degrees in Portugal were changed from a 5 year licence to a 3 year licence followed by 2 years for the MSc: Not having the MSc doesn't confer accreditation by the Ordem dos Engenheiros)
- Software license
- Intellectual property
- Private Pilot's License
- Amateur radio license
- Federal Communications Commission
- Music Licensing
- Dog license, Driver's license, Television license, Fishing license, Hunting license
- Industry Merchandiser's Association
- Broad Street Licensing Group (useful information about licensing from a licensing agency)
- Danish local government rebels against MS license terms
- Licensing Act 2003 - England & Wales
- Technology Licensing Practices in France by Christian Bessy and Eric Brousseau - survey of patenting and licensing strategies in France
licensing in Bulgarian: Лиценз
licensing in Czech: Licence
licensing in German: Lizenz
licensing in Spanish: Licencia
licensing in Esperanto: Permesilo
licensing in French: Licence (juridique)
licensing in Croatian: Licenca
licensing in Italian: Licenza (informatica)
licensing in Hungarian: Licenc
licensing in Dutch: Licentie
licensing in Japanese: ライセンス
licensing in Korean: 라이선스
licensing in Norwegian: Konsesjon
licensing in Norwegian Nynorsk: Konsesjon
licensing in Polish: Licencja
licensing in Portuguese: Licença
licensing in Russian: Лицензия
licensing in Albanian: Liçensë (Software)
licensing in Simple English: License
licensing in Finnish: Lisenssi
licensing in Ukrainian: Ліцензія